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高敏雪: 《中国公民经济核算系统(2016)》发布的意思

高敏雪: 《中国公民经济核算系统(2016)》发布的意思

解读机构: 国度统计局 解读范例: 局部解读 主题分类: 发布时候: 2021-10-21 17:20 阅读量: 字体:

《zhongguogongminjingjihesuanxitong(2016)》fabudeyisi

gaominxue

lijingsiniandeyantaokaipi,《zhongguogongminjingjihesuanxitong(2016)》(yixiajianchengcsna-2016)jinqizhongjiuhuolingshoubu。wozishenyixiangjianggongminjingjihesuanzuoweishouyaoyantaobiaodemude,bingcengyoujinchengchabietilidaochangzheiyibandingzhengrenwu,guerduizheicifabuyouliangduoganshang,tongshiyeyouyixiesilv,zheilitichulaigongdashicankao。

yi、csna-2016debeijingyufangzhen

csna-2016shizaicsna-2002dizishangdingzhengerchengde。weishenmeyaozaishiyunianyihouzuodingzhengbingfabuxindebanben?

yigegenjibeijingshigongminjingjihesuanguojibiaozhundeyanzhongdingzheng。peitong2009nianlianxiguodengguojigouzaozhengshifabusna-2008,lieguojunqitoudingzhengzishendegongminjingjihesuanxitong。zhongguozuoweijingjiguimozuida、zuijuhuoqidechengzhangzhongguodu,yingdangyuguojitingdunjianchifenqi,yibiankeyihuoxuhuoxugongjiyuguojijieguidegongminjingjihesuanshuju。

keshi,jinjinshiguojibiaozhundedingzheng,haiquefayigouchengfabucsna-2016delaiyou。jiuxiangcsna-2002bushiwanzhengzhaobansna-1993yiyang,csna-2016yebushisna-2008defuzhi,ershiyaoyuzhongguoxianshixianglianxi。yingdangshuo,“zhongguoxianshi”debiangeng,caishicsna-2016dezuishouyaodebeijing。shenmeshiyugongminjingjihesuanyouguande“zhongguoxianshi”?zheikeyihuoxucong“banlixuyao”he“dizigongji”lianggefangmianzuoguijie。

banlixuyaoshijiao。jinrubenshijideshiyunianjian,zhongguojingjiyanxudingxinkaifangqianershiniandelicheng,buguanshi“liang”dezengtiansulv,rengshi“zhi”debujubiangeng,douxiandefeichangtuqi。cizhong,jiguangdaleciqianjileidegongxiao,jiangjingjizongguimotuidongdaohuanqiudierdeweizhi,yetuxianchuciqianjileidedichu,benqianqingkuangtimu、shengchitimu、chengxianghegengpubiandeshehuifenpaitimu、huanqiuhuabeijingxiadeguojijingjiganxitimudengriqutuqi,jingjichengzhangmianlinzhesulvhuandang、bujuyouhua、dongnengzhuanhuansangefangmiandeyanzhongzhuanbian。mianlinzheixieshenqiebiangeng,zhongguodangjuhuanraozhiguolizhengtichubinggouchengleyixiliexindechengzhanglinian,yiliyi、diaohe、lvse、kaifanghetongxiangweijiaodian,yigongjicebujuxingdingxinweibiaodemudehechongpokou,weiguanjingjibanlixianxianchuyitaoquanxindesixu。

zheiyixiliebiangengyugongminjingjihesuanyoujinmiqinmiganxi。gongminjingjihesuanshiweiguansuandazhangdedongxi,suogongjideyitaoxitongmiaoxiejingjiyunzhuanjinchengjiqichengguodezongliangshuju,shitingzhiweiguanjingjiqingshipanding、shixingbanlihejueyijihuadegenjianzhao。mianlinzhongguojingjizhengtideyanzhongbiangeng,gongminjingjihesuanbixuzuochuxiangyingzhuanbian,qiejinzhongguojingjishehuichengzhangxianshishixinghesuan、gongjishuju,fangnengyouyongbanshiyuweiguanbanli。

dizigongjishijiao。gongminjingjihesuanyaoyoulaiyujiyoudangjutongjigongjidedizishuju,suanshenme,ruohesuan,shujupinzhiaotu,douyuquanbudangjutongjicainengjianshejianjiejieqiaguanxi。bilaishiyunian,zhongguodangjutongjicainengjianshehuodelechongpoxingdetingdun,yifangmianshitongjichaxunbaifangxitongdegailianghewanmei,bifangjingjipuchaguizhiheqiyelianwangzhibaoxitongdechengli、zhuhuchaxunbaifangguizhidingxindeng,zengjinleshujulonggaiguimodekuodaheshujupinzhidejinsheng,lingwaiyifangmianshizaixinxijishuchengchixia,shujuhuode、chuanshuhecunchutilidezhuanbian,keyihuoxujiuchaxunbaifangshujuzhankaipubiandekaipiliyong。zheijiucongdizishuju“gongji”jiaodu,weijinbuzhongguogongminjingjihesuanchengdugongjilewulidechengchi。xianshishang,shiyunianlaizhongguogongminjingjihesuanjiyudizishujugailiangzaixiangxiguizhitilishangyixiangzaitingzhimosuoyouhua,binghuodelehendatingdun,liangduofangmianyidadachaoyuelecsna-2002。keyihuoxushuo,xitongzongjiezhongguogongminjingjihesuanguizhitilidingxinjingli,jiangqibiaocikexinyibanzhongguogongminjingjihesuanxitongdangzhongbingxiangshehuibanbudejihuiyichengshu。

woganjue,zaiyishangbeijingxiafabudecsna-2016,qifangzhendazhikeyihuoxuguijieweilianggefangmian: (1)duiciqianshiyunianjianzhongguogongminjingjihesuandeyanxugailiangzuozongjie,jingyoujinchengxinyibancsnajiangqiguhuashangqu,zhengshichengweizhongguogongminjingjihesuandegenjitilibiaozhun;(2)tichugongminjingjihesuanjinyibugailianghekaipidefangzhen,xianxianjianglaishunianjianzhongguogongminjingjihesuankeyihuoxugailiang、wanmeideneirong。

er、csna-2016dexinmiankong

youguanzheicixinbanbendeneirongbiangeng,guodutongjijuyiyouxiangxideshenming。wozheilijiangqiguijieweisangetiaoli。

diyicengshizhengtikuangjiadeneirongbiangeng。cileibiangengkeyihuoxutouguo“zhang”deshezhilaixianxian。keyihuoxukandao,yucsna-2002bini,csna-2016genjihesuanjububudizixingdebiangeng,jiuxiangsna-2008yusna-1993binicizhongjiankuangjiabudizixingbiangengyiyang。zhidecunjuandebiangengshouyaobiaocike: (1)shediaolecsna-2002zhongtedishezhidegongminjingjizhanghuxitong。gongminjingjizhanghuxitongshiduigenjihesuanbiaoneirongdecongtouzhenghe,daibiaogongminjingjihesuanneirongdelingwaiyizhongbiaoshutili。jingyoujinchengruxuyitaozonghejingjizhanghu,keyihuoxugenghaodiduiyingyuguojibiaozhun(sna),danbingbuchujixianshihesuanneirongzishendezengjian。yishicixiangbiangengbingbudaibiaozhongguogongminjingjihesuanneirongdebensexingbiangeng。(2)zengqianglefushuhesuandeneirong,gaimingwei“kuodahesuan”。yifangmianjiangbenlaiderenlibenqianhesuan、tianranbenqianshenwuhesuandeneirongzuoledanwuhezengqiang,buzhixianyutianranbenqiancunliangheshengchihesuan,haibaoluolebenqianchanwugongjiyuliyong、qingkuangjinghuaheqingkuangyanhuzhichuhexiuxilitouruzhuangtaidengwairongdehesuan;lingwaiyifangmianshizengtianlexindekuodahesuanneirong,buzhiyouguojishangtongxingdeyoulanheweishengzhuantihesuan,haixinzengleyuxinxingjingjiyouguandemosuoxinghesuanneirong。(3)jiangjiaqianzhishuhewendingjiahesuandeliyongguimozuoletuixing。benlaishiyinhanzaiguojichuchanzongzhihesuanzhongde,cikezezuoweiziliyizhangxianxian,qiliyongguimocongbenlaidewendingjiagdphesuandanwudaoxianshizhichuhesuan,jinyibuhaikeyihuoxudanwudaowendingjiazichanhesuan。

diercengshigenjihesuanjubudeneirongbiangeng。cileibiangengxuyaoshenqiege“zhang”waibuhegezhangjieqiaguanxiquwajue。yiyixiajuyixiezhidecunjuandeneirong。(1)jigoujujubuleidebiangeng,xinzeng“weizhuhubanshidefeiyinglijigoujubu”,shiqiyuqiye、dangju、zhuhudengjigoujububinglie。jingyoujinchengcixianggailiang,yifangmianshizengqianglezhongguogongminjingjihesuanyuguojibiaozhundefenqixing,gengshouyaodi,shikeyihuoxugengzhouquandibiaoxianzhongguojingjideshehuibuju,xianxiandangjuyiwaide“shehui”gongxiaojiqizaizhichufenpai、zhongjiuhuafei、zichanqianzhaidengcengmianchanshengdeyingxiang。(2)yinrujingjiyiqiequan、changshichanquanchanwu、jinrongyanchuchanwuheguyuangupiaoqiquan、xianshizhongjiuhuafeidengxinguandian,youcizhishiduiyinghesuanneirongdekuoda。bifang,youyujingjiyiqiequandemingbaijieshuo,keyihuoxujiangliangduojiyu“quan”derangdumaimai、shouyimaimaiguiruhesuandangzhongbingyuyizilixianxian,touguofeichuchanzichanhesuan、caichanzhichuhesuan,xianxianzhongguochanquandingxindejinchenghechengguo。youru,changshichanquanchanwuguandiandeyinruzhuanbianleyantaoyukaipi(r&d)denggoudangdehesuanchuzhitili,jingyoujinchengbenqianhuahesuan,keyihuoxujiangyantaoyukaipidengkejigoudangguirutouzihezichanhesuan,bingjinyibuyingxiangdaogdphesuan,qichengguochugeyouzhuyubianrenkejiliyigoudangdailaidejingjixindongneng。zairu,xianshizhongjiuhuafeiguandiandeyinru,congtilishangdanwulezhongjiuhuafeidehesuanliantiao,conggongxiaoshangzekeyihuoxugenghaodibiaoxiandangjuheqiyufeiyinglijigouweizhuhugongjishenwuxingzhuanyideganhua。(3)zichanqianzhaihesuandeneirongyoumingxiangailianghezengqiang。csna-2016zhongzhanxiandezichanqianzhaibiaoyucsna-2002youlehendabianbie,buzhiyoubiaoshidebiangeng,gengbiaocikecizhongsuoshezichanqianzhaineirong、fenleidebiangeng,haijianghesuanbiaocongshidiancunliangbiaodanwudaolelianggeshidianzhijiandejingtaibiangengbiao。

disanshixiangxihesuantilidebiangeng。zheixiebiangengshenruzaigexiangxiangxifangzhendexiangxichuzhifashizhong。bifangchuchanzhejiaqianjieshuodebiangeng,cizhongchujizengzhishuidechuzhitimu;duixiuxirenweidexiangxihesuantili,chujichengxianggebieyunyingzhichudechuzhitimu;lingyouzhongjianyinxinghebaoxianyechanchudehesuantili,guojichurujunhengbiaozhongjishitilidebiangeng,jiaqianzhishutiliheliyongjinchengzhongdepinzhidiaojideng。zheixiediancuan,yifangmianbiaoxianleanzhaozhongguoxianshibidingxiangxihesuantilidegenjizhunsheng,tongshiyouxianxianchuxiangguojibiaozhunbushiaijindejinli。

san、csna-2016dexianshiyisi

ruoheduidaizheicicsna-2016defabu?yiyouyixiejigouzaizuozuoye,huishangqifabuhuichanshengdeyingxiang。wozishenganjue,zuihaobuyaocongduanshijian、chugeyincigdphejingjizengtianlvweizhongjian、yimouxiefangzhenshujubiandabianxiaodesixulaiduidaicsna-2016deyisi。

csna-2016chujiquanbuzhongguogongminjingjihesuanxitong,erbuzhishigdphejingjizengtianlvdehesuanshuju。yaojianggengduozhuzhonglifangzaiquanbugongminjingjizhuangtaishang,kanhesuanxitongdeneirongbiangenghezhidaodidian。bifangzichanqianzhaihesuan,jianyuqiduijingjizengtianheshehuichengzhangdediziganhuaheweixianjieluyisi,yingdangchugezaodaocunjuan;bifangyoulan、weishengdengweixingzhanghuhesuan,weixianxiangeleijubuzhutideweiguanyingxianggongjileyigeqingshi;bifangxinxingjingjidemosuohesuandaibiaoyigejingqidenghaodeng。

houmiancengtidao,csna-2016zaigongxiaoshangyoulianggeyongtu。yishiguhua、chengrenyichanshengzhuanbiandehesuantili,ershiweijianglaihesuangailianggongjiqianzhanxingfangzhen。biranyaobianbieqingxizheilianggefangmian。xiangxihesuantiliyuchuzhidouyincijianjindeqingshichanshengde,bingbushiyouyuyoulecsna-2016fabujiuhuizaiyiyezhijianyoudizixingzhuanbian,shujujiuhuiyouyicimingxiandegengxin。

lianxixiangxihesuangouchenglaikan,youguangdphesuantilidegailiang,dajubuzaizheishiyunianjianyideyiwancheng,csna-2016shouyaobianshijiangzheixiebiangengzhengshiguiruzhongguogongminjingjihesuanxitongdangzhong,cizhongjiubaohanyanfabenqianhuachuzhiruxushouyaodebiangeng,yihouyoudaixianshicaozongdeshouyaojiuyincishichangjiaqianjiazaoyusuanchengzhenzhuminzhufangbanshizheiyixiang。yucibini,qiyuyixiehesuanbiangengzegengyingdangzuoweijianglaifangzhenzaodaocunjuan。bifangyouguanjigoujubudegailiang,suiranyijiang“weizhuhubanshidefeiyinglijigou”zhengshiguirujigoujujubuleidangzhong,danruohejucihuijicailiaojianghesuanluodaoshichu,zaizijinliulianghesuan、zichanqianzhaihesuanzhongjingyoujinchengshujuzilixianxiangaijubuyuqiyujubuzhijiandejieqiaguanxi,bidinghaixuyaoyigejincheng。youruzichanqianzhaihesuan,ciqianguodutongjijulilaibubanbuguoguoduzichanqianzhaibiaodeguanfangshuju,yixieyantaojigoutilidezichanqianzhaibiao,suiranzaishehuishangzhuanzuleyanqiudanxianyushujukedexing、tilikexuexingxianshishangkeyihuoxuyongtubuda。zanmenyingdangduicijianchijiaodadecunjuandu,denghouzichanqianzhaihesuanyoujiaokuaitingdun,yibiankeyihuoxuhuoxujiangzichanqianzhaicunliangjibiangengshujuyugdpjijingjizengtianshujulianxiqilai,quanhengyigejingjitideweixianhejingjikeyanxuzengtiancaineng。

(zuozhexizhongguogongmindaxuegongminjingjihesuanyantaosuozhangchu、tongjixueyuanchuanshou)

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