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盛来运: 稳中下台阶 进中增福祉——《2019年统计公报》评读

盛来运: 稳中下台阶 进中增福祉——《2019年统计公报》评读

解读机构: 国度统计局 解读范例: 部分解读 主题分类: 发布时候: 2021-04-26 10:56 阅读量: 字体:

稳中下台阶 进中增福祉
——《2019年统计公报》评读
国度统计局副局长 盛来运

2019nianshixinzhongguojianli70zhounian,shijueshengzhouquanjianchengxiaokangshehui、shixiandiyigebainiandouzhengfangzhendeguanjianzhinian。zheiyinian,neibuweixiantiaoxinjiaozhezengtian,guojijingjixiaxingyaliyanxujiada。mianlinbiaolidichudiejiadepangzachanghepaichang,zaiyixijinpingtongdaoweijiaodiandedangzhongxinwanqiangdailingxia,tianxiagaodishenqieguancheluoshidangzhongxin、guowuyuanjueyijihuaanpai,genjuxinshengzhanglinianhebiancegaopinzhishengzhangqingqiu,duizhiwenzhongqiujinshimingzongjidiao,shenqiegongyingcebujuxingdingxin,chulidahaosandagongjianzhan,yanxukuozhangaochengdukaifang,zhouquanzuohao“liuwen”shiming,woguojingjiyunzhuanzhengtianwen、wenzhongyoujin,shouyaoyuqifangzhenjiaohaoshixian,zhouquanjianchengxiaokangshehuihuodexindeyanzhongtingdun。zuixinfabude《2019niangongminjingjiheshehuishengzhangtongjigongbao》yongyibibiqingpiaopiaodeshuju,quanjingjieshilexinshiqitianxiaguominlianhedouzhengdexinchengjiu,puxielejingjishehuiyanxushengzhangdexinpianzhang。

yi、zongheguolimaishangxintaijie,daguoshengzhanggenbenbushiwengu

zaitianxiaguominpeihejinlixiaheyixiliewenzengtian、cudingxin、diaobuju、huiminsheng、fangweixian、baobubianzhengcebanfaganhuaxia,woguojingjizongliangmaishangxintaijie,renjunshengzhangchengduchongpoyiwanmeiyuan,caichanshengzhanghegenbenjucuocuoshibushiwanmei,zongheguoliyanxuzengqiang,guojiyingxiangliyanxukuozhan。

jingjizongliangpojin100wanyiyuandaguan。kaiduanhesuan,2019nianwoguoguojichuchanzongzhi990865yiyuan,annianjunyunhuilvzhesuandaoda14.4wanyimeiyuan,wenjutianxiadierwei;renjunguojichuchanzongzhi70892yuan,annianjunyunhuilvzhesuandaoda10276meiyuan,chucichongpo1wanmeiyuandaguan,yugaozhichuguoduchayijinyibuxuejian。jingjizengsuzaitianxiashouyaojingjitizhongshouquyizhi。2019nian,woguoguojichuchanzongzhibishangnianzengtian6.1%,jiaozhegaoyuhuanqiujingjizengsu,zaijingjizongliang1wanyimeiyuanyishangdejingjitizhongweijudiyi;duitianxiajingjizengtianjinxianlvda30%baibu,yanxuchengweibiancetianxiajingjizengtiandeshouyaodongliyuan。

fuxiankuozhanwujiazhengtibubian。2019niantianxiachengzhenxinzengfuxian1352wanren,yanxu7nianduizhizai1300wanrenyishang;nongyeshengzongliang29077wanren,bishangnianzengtian0.8%。yuedutianxiachengzhenchaxunbaifangfuxianlvduizhizai5.0%—5.3%zhijian,diyu5.5%baibuyuqifangzhen。shichangjiaqianzhangfuzhengtinuanhe。2019nianzhuminhuafeijiaqianbishangnianxiadie2.9%,diyuzhengnianyuqifangzhen。cizhong,kouchushiwuhedonglidejiaodiancpixiadie1.6%,zhangfubishangnianhuiluo0.3gebaifendian。

caichanshengzhangchengduyanxujinsheng。nongyegenbenweizhihuodezengqiang。2019niandiyicaichanzengtianzhi70467yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian3.1%。shiliangzongchanliang66384wandun,chuanghanqingxingao。2019nianxinzenggengdijiaoguanmianji27wangongqing,xinzenggaoxiaojieshuijiaoguanmianji146wangongqing。caichanyanxushengzhang。2019niancaichanzengtianzhi317109yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian5.7%,cizhongzhizuoyezengtianzhiwuwangyanxu10nianweijutianxiadiyi。shouyaochanwuchanliangwenjutianxiaqianxian。2019nian,jichengdianluchanliang2018yikuai,zengtian8.9%;gangcaichanliang12yidun,zengtian6.3%。2019niandi,tianxiafadianzhuangjirongliang201066wanqianwa,bishangniandizengtian5.8%。banqijizengshijiaohao。2019nianbanqijizengtianzhi534233yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian6.9%,cizhongxinxichuanshu、ruanjianhexinxijishubanqijizengtian18.7%,zulinheshangwubanqijizengtian8.7%。

genbenjucuocuoshijianshechengjiufeiran。jiaotongyunshujucuocuoshibushiwanmei。2019niandi,gaosutielutingyezonglichengkuayue3.5wanqianmi,zhanhuanqiugaotielicheng2/3yishang;gaosugonglulichengkuayue14wanqianmi,wenjutianxiadiyi。youzhengkuaidibanshicainengjinsheng。2019nianyouzhengxingyetingyezongliangdaoda16230yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian31.5%;kuaiditingyeliang635.2yijian,zengtian25.3%。xinxitongxunshengzhangbudiaojiasu。2019niannuodonghulianwangyonghujieruliuliangbishangnianzengtian71.6%。5gshangyongwenbubiance,dashuju、yunjijiao、yeshengzhinengdenggudaixinxijishujisushengzhang,“shoujiqiangguo”jianshemaichujiangubudiao。

er、gongyingcebujuxingdingxintashibiance,liyiyinlingganhuayanxuzengqiang

duizhi“wengu、zengqiang、jinsheng、tongshun”bazifangzhen,yanxushenqiegongyingcebujuxingdingxin,dinglishixingliyiqudongshengzhangjimou,chulibiancedazhongchuangyewanzhongliyi,zidongchanyangkejiliyishumodongyuanganhua,biancedingxinheliyi“shuanglun”qudong,shengzhangxinhuoqibushibaofa。

gongyingcebujuxingdingxinxiaoguojiaozhe。“sanquyijiangyibu”gongxiaowengu。2019niantianxiacaichanchannengcaozonglvwei76.6%,bishangnianqianjin0.1gebaifendian。niandishangpinfangdaishoumianjibishangniandixuejian2593wanpingfangmi,fanweiyishangcaichanqiyezichanqianzhailvjiangluo0.2gebaifendian。2019nianjiaodao、shengtaiyanhuhehuanjingguanliyelaoguzichantouzibielibishangnianzengtian17.7%he37.2%。“fangguanfu”dingxinshenqiebiance,weiguanzhutihuoqibushizengqiang。2019nianxinguahaoshichangzhuti2377wanhu,rijunxinguahaoqiye2wanhu,niandishichangzhutizongshuda1.2yihu。caiwujinrongchengchishitijingjilidujiada。2019nianjianshuijiangfeikuayue2.3wanyiyuan。niandiduishitijingjifafangdeguominbicunkuanyue151.6wanyiyuan,bishangniandizengtian12.5%。

kejiliyiyinlingganhuazengqiang。liyihuanjingbushigailiang。2019nianwoguoweiliehuanqiuliyizhishupaimingdi14wei,bishangnianhuisheng3wei。liyitourujiaokuaizengtian。2019niantianxiayantaoyushiyanshengzhang(r&d)jingfeizhichubishangnianzengtian10.5%,yuguojichuchanzongzhizhibiwei2.19%。liyigongxiaobushichuxian。changesihaotanceqitianxiashangchucishenglidenganyueqiufanmian,zhangzhengwuhaoyaosanyunzaihuojianshenglifashe,xuelong2haoshouhangnanji,doujidaohanghuanqiuzuwangjinruchongciqi。2019nianfaxianzhuanliqingqiuliang140.1wanjian,meiwanshengchifaxianzhuanlijuyouliangda13.3jian,tizaoshixian“shisanwu”jihuakendingdefangzhenshiming。

shengzhangxindongnengjianzhuangshengzhang。xincaichanxinxingshixinchanwujisushengzhang,chengweibiancejingjizengtian、bujudiaojidexindongli。2019niancaichanjimouxingxinxingcaichanzengtianzhibishangnianzengtian8.4%,kuaiyufanweiyishangcaichan2.7gebaifendian;jimouxingxinxingbanqijiqiyetingyezhichuzengtian12.7%,kuaiyufanweiyishangbanqiji3.3gebaifendian;banshijixierenchanliangzengtian38.9%。xianshangxianxialiangyiqifei,shoujixinquanshijiasugoucheng。2019nianshenwushangpinwangshangpifaebishangnianzengtian19.5%,zhanshehuihuafeipinpifazongebizhongda20.7%。

san、jingjibujuyanxuyouhua,shengzhangdiaohexingwenbuqianjin

dinglibiancecaichanjinji,chulikuozhanneixuladongli,jianguchengxiangdiyushengzhang,jiasugoujiandiyuliangxinghuniantouzhi,woguobujudiaojihezhuanxingjinjihuodexintingdun。

sandacaichanjinjishengzhang。nongyeshizhibujudiaojiyouhua。2019nianyoucaizi、huasheng、shucaidengjingjizuowushouhuomianjizengtian,lianghaodaogumianjikuozhan,dadoushouhuomianjibishangnianzengtian10.9%。zhizuoyexiangzhonggaoduanmaijin。2019nianshebeizhizuoye、gaojishuzhizuoyezengtianzhizengsubielikuaiyufanweiyishangcaichan1.0he3.1gebaifendian,zhanfanweiyishangcaichanbizhongbielida32.5%he14.4%。banqiji“bubianqi”ganhuajinyibuzengqiang。2019nianbanqijizengtianzhizhanguojichuchanzongzhibizhongwei53.9%,bishangnianqianjin0.6gebaifendian;duijingjizengtianjinxianlvwei59.4%,gaoyudiercaichan22.6gebaifendian。

neixubujuyanxugailiang。zaiguojihuanjingpangza、neibuxuyaodongyaodehuanjingxia,neixuchugeshihuafeiduibubianjingjiyunzhuandeyacangshiganhuajiaozhe。2019nianneixuduijingjizengtianjinxianlvwei89.0%,cizhongzhongjiuhuafeizhichujinxianlvwei57.8%,bibenqiangouchengzongegao26.6gebaifendian。shehuihuafeipinpifazongeda411649yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian8.0%,fanweichucichongpo40wanyiyuan。ruoxiangduanbanfanchoutouzihuodezengqiang。2019niangaojishucaichanheshehuifanchoutouzibielibishangnianzengtian17.3%he13.2%。

chengxiangdiyudiaoheshengzhangxiaoguojiaozhe。xinxingchengzhenhuawenbubiance。2019niandi,changzhushengchichengzhenhualvwei60.60%,bishangniandiqianjin1.02gebaifendian;hujishengchichengzhenhualvwei44.38%,qianjin1.01gebaifendian。yanzhongdiyushengzhangjimoujiangubiance,jingjinjixietongshengzhang、zhangjiangjingjidaishengzhang、yuegangaodawanqujianshe、zhangsanjiaoyitihuashengzhanganxiakuaijinjian,huanghedaoyushengtaiyanhuhegaopinzhishengzhanghuishengweiguodujimou,diyuxietongshengzhangkuanshijinyibuyouhua。2019nian,zhongbu、xibudiyuchuchanzongzhibielibishangnianzengtian7.3%he6.7%,kuaiyutianxia1.2he0.6gebaifendian;jingjinjidiyuchuchanzongzhizengtian6.1%,zhangjiangjingjidaidiyuchuchanzongzhizengtian6.9%,zhangjiangsanjiaozhoudiyuchuchanzongzhizengtian6.4%。

si、shengtaiwenmingjiasujianshe,lvseshengzhanghuodexinxiaoguo

tianxiagaodishenqieguanchelvseshengzhanglinian,jiadashengtaihuanjingyanhuhejinghuafangzhilidu,guoduandahaolantian、bishui、jingtubaoweizhan,yanxuqianjinzibencaozongxiaoli,shenzhoudadide“yanzhi”he“qizhi”yanxujinsheng,lvseditanhuanbaodechuchanhukoutilijiasugoucheng。

zibencaozongxiaolibushijinsheng。jienengjianghaojianpaixiaoguoshanxian。2019niantianxiawanyuanguojichuchanzongzhinenghaobishangnianjiangluo2.6%,wanyuanguojichuchanzongzhieryanghuatanpaifangjiangluo4.1%,wanyuanguojichuchanzongzhiyongshuiliangjiangluo6.1%。jiejingdonglicaozongjiabeipubian。2019nianmeitanhuafeiliangzhandonglihuafeizongliangde57.7%,bishangnianjiangluo1.5gebaifendian;tianranqi、shuidian、hedian、fengdiandengjiejingdonglihuafeiliangzhandonglihuafeizongliangde23.4%,qianjin1.3gebaifendian。

shengtaiyanhugailiangzengqiang。shengtaixitongyanhuhexiufulidujiada,shuitusanshizongheguanlitashibiance。2019nian,shixianzaolinmianji707wangongqing,conglinfuyangmianji773wangongqing,xinzengshuitusanshiguanlimianji5.4wanpingfangqianmi。tingzhiniandi,guodujitianranyanhuqu474ge。

huanjingpinzhizhengtigailiang。guomindazhongxiangyongdaogengduolantianbishui。2019nian,tianxia337gedijijiyishangdouhuifenweipinzhijunyunlianghaotianshubiliwei82%。xikeliwu(pm2.5)weidabiaodouhuijunyunnongdubishangnianjiangluo2.4%。tianxiadibiaoshuilianghao(ⅰ—ⅲlei)shuizhiduanmianbilibishangnianhuisheng3.9gebaifendian,lievleiduanmianbilijiangluo3.3gebaifendian。zaizhankaidouhuidiyushenghuanjingjiancede322gedouhuizhong,shenghuanjingpinzhihaodedouhuizhan2.5%,jiaohaodezhan66.8%。

wu、zhouquankaifanglidujiada,duiwaijingmaonishizengtian

mianlinhuanqiushangyeyanhuzhuyi、danbianzhuyiangshou,huanqiuhuazaoshou“shunfeng”,woguoguoduanbaohuduobianshangyexitongtili,shixingjiabeizidongzidongdekaifangjimou,jinshengshangyefangbianhuachengdu,yanxuyouhuayingshanghuanjing,yikaifangcudingxin、cushengzhang,quanfangweikaifangchengdubushiqianjin,duiwaijingmaoshengzhanghuodexinchengjiu。

duiwaishangyewenzhongtizhi。shangyefanweizailiyigao。2019nianwowaihuoseshouzhikouzonge31.6wanyiyuan,bishangnianzengtian3.4%,yanxuliangniankuayue30wanyiyuan,wuwanglianrentianxiadiyi。shangyebujuyanxuyouhua。2019nianputongshangyeshouzhikouzhanhuoseshouzhikouzongebizhongda59.0%,bishangnianqianjin1.2gebaifendian。banshishangyefanweiwenbukuozhan。2019nianbanshishouzhikouzongebishangnianzengtian2.8%,banshishangyenichashouzhai10.5%。cizhong,banshichukouzongezaibanshishouzhikouzongezhongdebizhongda36.1%,bishangnianqianjin2.0gebaifendian。

caozongwaiziyanxukuozhan。guangmodeshichangkongjianhebushiyouhuadeyingshanghuanjing,shiwoguoyanxuchengweiwaishangtouzideretu。zaihuanqiukuajingtouzidafujiangluodehuanjingxia,2019nianwoguoxianshicaozongwaishangjianjietouzijine9415yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian5.8%。zimaoshiyanquyinziganhuazengqiang,xinshe6gezimaoshiyanquhezengsheshanghaizimaoqulingangxinpianqu,18gezimaoquluodiwaiziqiye6242jia、caozongwaizi1436yiyuan,zhantianxiabizhongjunkuayue15%。

gongjian“yidaiyiqi”gongxiaofengfu。2019nian,woguodui“yidaiyiqi”yanxianguodushouzhikouzonge92690yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian10.8%。cizhong,chukouzengtian13.2%,rukouzengtian7.9%。shuangxiangtouzishenqieshengzhang。2019nian,woguodui“yidaiyiqi”yanxianguodufeijinrongleijianjietouzie150yimeiyuan,zhanduiwaizongtouzibizhongbishangnianqianjin0.6gebaifendian;“yidaiyiqi”yanxianguoduduihuajianjietouzijine84yimeiyuan,zengtian30.6%。

liu、shehuiqijizhouquanqianjin,guominhukouyanxugailiang

duizhitongxiangshengzhang、shengzhangweimin,gediyugebufenyanxuzengtianminshengtouru,jiasubiancegexiangshehuiqijishengzhang,zhuminzhichuyanxuqianjin,pinkushengchijinyibuxuejian,shehuibaozhengyanxuwanmei,jiaodaowenmingweishengtiyudengqijihuodezengqiang,weizengjinminshengfuzhidianjijiangugenben。

zhuminzhichuyujingjizengtiangenjitongbu。duocuobingjuzengjinchengxiangzhuminzengshou,luoshixiaowosuodeshuizhuanxiangfujiakouchuzhengce,zhuminrenjunzhichuchengduchucichongpo3wanyuan。2019niantianxiazhuminrendoukeanpaizhichu30733yuan,bishangnianxianshizengtian5.8%,yugdpzengtiangenjitongbu,kuaiyurenjungdpzengsu。zhuminzhichuchayijinyibuxuejian。2019nianchengxiangzhuminrendoukeanpaizhichubizhiwei2.64,bishangnianxuejian0.05。

tuopingongjianxiaoguotuqi。pinkushengchixuejian。2019nian,1109wanxiangcunpinkushengchituopin,yanxu7nianjianpin1000wanrenyishang;pinkuchanshenglvwei0.6%,bishangnianjiangluo1.1gebaifendian,xiangzhexiaomixiangduipinkumaichuyidabu。pinkudiyuzhuminzhichujiaokuaizengtian。2019nianpinkudiyuxiangcunzhuminrendoukeanpaizhichu11567yuan,bishangnianzengtian11.5%;kouchujiaqianshenfenxianshizengtian8.0%,kuaiyutianxiaxiangcunzhuminrendoukeanpaizhichuxianshizengsu1.8gebaifendian。

shehuibaozhengxitongyanxuwanmei。yanglaoheyiliaobaoxiancanbaorenshuzengtian。2019niandi,tianxiacanyuchengzhenzhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxian、chengxiangzhumingenjiyanglaobaoxian、genjiyiliaobaoxianrenshubielibishangniandizengtian1581wan、874wanhe978wanren。shehuibangfulidubushijiada。2019nianguqiejiuji918wanrenci,bangzhu7782wanrencanyugenjiyiliaobaoxian,shixingmenzhenhezhuyuanjiuji6180wanrenci。jiankuquntizhufangbaozhengyanxubiance。2019niantianxiagezhongpenghuqugexinwangong316wantao,genjijiancheng254wantao。

shehuiqijifanhuashengzhang。jiaodaowenmingyanxuzengqiang。2019nian,jiunianrenwujiaodaowengulvwei94.8%,bishangnianqianjin0.6gebaifendian;gaozhongjieduanmaotuixuelvwei89.5%,qianjin0.7gebaifendian。2019niantianxiafanweiyishangwenmingjixianggancaichanqiyetingyezhichu86624yiyuan,bishangnianzengtian7.0%。yiliaoweichaoqitanpanzhiyuanzengtian。2019niandi,tianxiagongyouyiliaoweichaoqigou101.4wange,bishangnianzengtian1.7wange;weishengjishuzhiyuan1010wanren,zengtian57wanren。jingjitiyudiechuangjiaji,dazhongtiyuxingwangshengzhang,tiyujianshenjucuocuoshijiabeiwanmei。genjudiqicitianxiayundongchangdipuchachengguo,tianxiagongyouyundongchangdi316wange,renjunyundongchangkongzhongji1.86pingfangmi。

zonghelaikan,zaitianxiajingjizengtianquhuan、guojijingjixiaxingyalijiadadebeijingxia,zhongguojingjijulunguoduanqianxing,gaopinzhishengzhangtijibuwen,chongshizhangxianlezhongguojingjibubianxianghaodegenjimianhezhongguotedianshehuizhuyiguizhishangfeng,yechongshizhanxianledaguojingjiyanxushengzhangderenxing、qianlihehuoqi。zheiyincixijinpingtongdaoweijiaodiandedangzhongxinjuqidingxiang、zhangduolinghangdechengguo,shigediyugebufengongjiankenan、zhenzhuashigandechengguo,yeshiquandangtianxiagezuguominguoduanjuedingxinnian、lianhedouzhengdechengguo。2020nianshizhouquanjianchengxiaokangshehuihe“shisanwu”jihuashouguanzhinian,duizhijingjiyanxuankangshengzhangyisiyanzhong。bixusuxingdikandao,woguorengchuyubingjiangchijiuchuyushehuizhuyidijijieduandegenjiguoqingbubian,woguoshitianxiashangzuidashengzhangzhongguodudeguojiweizhibubian,shengzhangbujunhengbuchongshidetimurengrantuqi,yiliao、jiaodao、zhufangdengdazhongbanshifanchoucunzaibushaoduanban,xuyaozanmenyanxujinli,jiujiuweigong。yihou,mianlinxinguanfeiyanyiqingduiwoguoguominchuchanhukouxingchengdedaomeiyingxiang,zanmenyaojiabeishenmilianhezaiyixijinpingtongdaoweijiaodiandedangzhongxinsizhou,guoduanjuedingxinnian,qingtouyihe,genjudangzhongxin、guowuyuanjueyijihuaanpai,shizaibagexiangshimingzhuashi、zhuaxi、zhualuodi,guoduandayingyiqingfangkongdezhengtizhan、zujizhan,xiagengdingliduzuohao“liuwen”shiming,duizhijingjiyanxuankangshengzhang,quebaozhouquanjianchengxiaokangshehuimeimanshouguan!

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