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万东华: 鼎新统计体例 增强名目办理 周全进步统计数据品质

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《tongjifashixingtiaoli》zhuanjiajieduzhier 

dingxintongjitili zengqiangmingmubanli zhouquanjinbutongjishujupinzhi 

tongjikexueyantaosuozhangchu wandonghua

  《tongjifa》shitongjirenwudizidafa,shiyifatongji、yifazhitongdegenjigenju。《tongjifa》zishixingyilai,zaiyouyongkexuedigouzaotongjirenwu,tuidongtongjirenwudegudaihualicheng,biaozhunguodugouzao、shehuituanti、geleijingjigouzaoheguominzaitongjigoudangzhongdebulv,baozhangtongjicailiaodejingquexing、shishixinghezhouquanxingdengfangmian,chanyanglezhuyaoganhua。danshi,genzhejingjishehuidejisuchengzhang,《tongjifa》zaishixinglichengzhongyemianduizheyixiejixuchuzhidetuqitimu,bifangruohefangzhixingzhenggansheganyu、qianghuatongjizeren、biaozhunshenpiliucheng、jingenqijianchengzhangbudiaodeng。《zhonghuaguomingongheguotongjifashixingtiaoli》(yixiajiancheng《tiaoli》)dangzhenzongjie《tongjifa》shixingyilaidelilunjingli,jiangfalinghuadingjinyibuxiangxihua,zengqiangkecaozongxing,bingzhenduixinhuanjing、xintimuchongshiwanmeiyouguanhuading,jinyibucongquanyuanbiaozhuntongjichaxunbaifanggoudang,chengliyifatongjideguizhifanli,hangshitongjirenwudefazhidizi,jinbutongjirenwudekexuexinghebiaozhunxing,baozhang《tongjifa》deyishunsuishixing。 

  yi、jiezhugudaixinxijishu,dinglijinshengtongjirenwuxiaoli 

  《tiaoli》disantiaohuading,tongjijitanpanyouguanjubugaidangtuidonghulianwang、dashuju、yunjijiaodenggudaixinxijishuzaitongjirenwuzhongdecaozong,zhizujingjishehuichengzhangxuyao。 

  zuijinjinianlai,hulianwang、dashuju、yunjijiaodenggudaixinxijishuxingwangchengzhang,shenruyingxiangjingjishehuihukouheqijianchengzhanglicheng,renleishehuijinruleyigeshujuliangda、fanliduoyang、bianjiabeisu、jijuqianfudaijiadedashujuqijian,zengjinleshehuichuchantilihehukouxingshidedabiangeng、dachengzhang。 

  当局统计若何与期间同业是国际外统计界遍及关怀的话题。一向以来,国度统计局很是正视古代信息技术在统计任务中的操纵,以“三网一库”、“四大工程”为代表的统计鼎新在数据收罗、数据获得等方面堆集了良多无益经历。在数据收罗关键,国度统计局尽力变更数据收罗体例,在住民花费价钱查询拜访、房地产价钱查询拜访和住户出入查询拜访中操纵手持电子终端收罗数据;在第三次天下经济普查中周全操纵挪动收罗终端(PDA),完成了数据收罗、报送、处置等全流程的电子化、搜集化和无纸化,经由进程收罗大批证照、图片材料,增添了非布局化数据在当局统计数据中的比重。在数据获得关键,国度统计局经由进程与阿里巴巴、百度、腾讯等17家企业签订大数据计谋协作和谈,间接获得互联网上局部电商买卖、行业平台、搜刮引擎等多方面的海量数据,并将其作为当局统计数据的无益补充。在数据处置和操纵关键,将进一步操纵大数据和云计较等手腕,深度发掘数据代价,评价校准传统布局化数据的同时,充实阐扬数据上风,出产出更实时、更周全、更精确、更直观的统计信息产物。 

  鼎力推动互联网、大数据、云计较等古代信息技术在统计任务中的操纵,将进一步进步统计任务的科学性、精确性和时效性。一是古代信息技术拓宽了统计数据来源和规模。传统的统计数据来源于普查、抽样查询拜访等体例,古代信息技术使海量搜集数据成为统计数据的来源之一。如在住民花费价钱统计(CPI)中,操纵互联网信息出格是电商买卖价钱数据以补充完美查询拜访样本;在农业统计中,连系操纵卫星影象、空间高分辩图象和空中定位体系收罗装备、传感器、物联网等技术,主动获得有关农作物莳植面积、农作物品种等范畴的海量数据,完美食粮等农作物收获面积和产量估量。二是古代信息技术进步了当局统计任务效力。传十足计数据收罗处置的周期较长,月度数据、季度数据、年度数据都有必然期间的滞后。操纵古代信息技术能够获得大批实时数据,经由进程对这些数据的洗濯、处置、发掘和阐发,有益于在第临时候领会以后经济社会成长状态,对发明的题目疾速决议计划疾速处置,进步统计才能和任务效力。三是古代信息技术进步了统计数据品质,增强了当局统计公信力。传统数据上报、考核等流程包罗了诸多任务关键,增添了任务难度,能够存在的行政干涉干与下降了统计数据品质和当局统计公信力。操纵古代信息技术如联网直报平台,能够削减中间关键,完成真正意思上的超等汇总,下降统计数据呈现过失的几率,大大增强统计数据的抗搅扰才能。 

  er、biaozhuntongming,yanbatongjichaxunbaifangmingmusheding、shenpiguan 

  《条例》对统计查询拜访名目的设定和审批提出了明白请求。第七条划定了统计查询拜访名目拟定构造该当就名目的须要性、可行性、科学性停止论证,收罗有关方面定见;主要统计查询拜访名目该当停止试点。第十一条请求审批构造该当自受理统计查询拜访名目审批请求之日起20日内作出决议,明白了统计查询拜访名目的详细请求,使得审批流程加倍公然通明、科学公道。 

  tongjichaxunbaifangmingmudeshedingshitingzhitongjichaxunbaifangdebiaodemudebiaohexianlutu,shitongjichaxunbaifangdebulvzhinan,shijueyitongjirenwupinzhidezhuyaoguanjian。zhiyaoduitongjichaxunbaifangmingmutingzhikexueshexiang、biaozhunbanli,cainengyouyongjinbutongjichaxunbaifangderenwuxiaoli,zhenzhengzuodaokexuetongji、yifatongji。 

  duonianlai,genjudingcengshexiangdelinian,guodutongjijuqianhounidingfabuleduoxiangzhuanyenianbao、dingbaoguizhiheyouguanchouyangchaxunbaifangguizhi,biaozhunlefangzhenquanshi、baobiaogeju、cailiaosoujiqudao、shujukaohepingjiahechaxunbaifangpinci、shujufabudeng,baozhangleguodutongjichaxunbaifangmingmudekexuexinghegongdaoxing。zaishenpichusuotongjichaxunbaifangmingmuhejubutongjichaxunbaifangmingmushi,wanmeishenpihuading,yankubaguan、biaozhunbanli,baozhangchusuohejubutongjichaxunbaifangmingmudezhuyaoneirongbuyuguodutongjichaxunbaifangmingmudeneirongfanfu、dichu。manmantuidongtongjichaxunbaifangmingmushenpihebeikuaisankaijiangjieguo ,shishifabuyueduheniandujubutongjichaxunbaifangmingmushenpitongzhibugao,shishigengxintongjichaxunbaifangmingmumuci,tongbubanbudaoqimingmujifeichumingmu,baozhangletongjichaxunbaifangmingmushenpidegongrantongming。 

  weijinyibubiaozhuntongjichaxunbaifangmingmudeshedingheshenpi,jinbutongjirenwudekexuexing,yishiyaochuzhihaotongjichaxunbaifangxuyaoyukexingxingdeganxi,quebaochaxunbaifangmingmujizhizuxianshixuyao,youfuhexianshi;ershiyaozainidingchaxunbaifangmingmushiduozuodiaoyan,buzhishouluoyouguanchusuo、jubuhezhuanjiadedingjian,haixuyaoshouluotongjichaxunbaifanggongjudedingjian,duotingqulaizixiacengdeshengxiang;sanshiweilechongshibaozhangguizhitilidekexuexing,yiqiechaxunbaifangbaobiaozaizhengshishixingqiangaidangtingzhikexingxingceshi,yanzhongtongjichaxunbaifangmingmugaidangzhankaishidian;sishizaishenpitongjichaxunbaifangmingmushi,yaoqianghuachaxunbaifangmingmudexuyaoxing、kexingxing、kexuexingjiancha,zuidaxianzhixuejianfanfu、chuanchahedichu,jiazhongchaxunbaifanggongjuchengdan。zhiyaojingyoujinchengduitongjichaxunbaifangmingmukexueshexiang、zhoumilunzheng、dangzhenluoshi,cainengjinyibujinshengtongjirenwuhuanraozhongjianbanshidajudecaineng,jinbutongjirenwukexuehuachengdu,zhenzhengbatongjijubudaxingchengjingjiyunzhuandeqingyubiao、dailingjueyijihuadeguwenbu、qiyechengzhangdejunshituan、gongjiahukoudexinxiku。 

  san、qianghuajiankongpingjia,tihaoshujuchuchanguanjiande“linmenyijiao” 

  《tiaoli》huading,guodutongjijugaidangchenglijianquantongjishujupinzhijiankonghepingjiaguizhi,zengqiangduigesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashizhuyaotongjishujudejiankonghepingjia。 

  shujupinzhishitongjirenwudexingmingxian,chongshichanyangtongjishujuzaijingjishehuizhongdezhuyaoganhua,qizhuyaoqingqiubianshitongjishujushizaiketuo。jinbutongjishujupinzhi,chuchanchushizaiketuodetongjichanwu,shitongjirenwudedongshendianheguisu,shichayantongjidingxinhejianshexiaoguodedizibiaozhun,shigejitongjijigoudediyiyaowu。 

  国度统计局一向以来都把进步数据品质作为统计任务的第一要务。20163月,国度统计局审议经由进程《国度统计局数据品质评价办理体例》。该体例请求各专业司严酷根据统计数据评价体例,对天下和分省数据停止评价和核实,阐发、比拟现实查询拜访成果与节制方针或标准之间的差别。同时,根据数据品质办理责任制的请求,将数据品质题目信息反应到统计设想、统计查询拜访和数据加工处置等关键,请求各相干责任人接纳主动有用的办法,防止近似品质题目再次产生,进一步从泉源增强统计体例的科学性,增进统计查询拜访的标准化,进步统计查询拜访才能。 

  weilejinyibuchenglijianquantongjishujupinzhijiankonghepingjiaguizhi,zengqiangduigesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashizhuyaotongjishujudejiankonghepingjia,yishizaichoubanchaxunbaifangjieduan,yaozuohaochaxunbaifangzhiyuandepeixunrenwu,gongdaoshezhizhuangbeibaishezhiyuan,mingbaizhizehezuo,zuohaochaxunbaifangqiandegexiangchoubanrenwu;ershizaishujushouluojieduan,yaoyankulvxingchaxunbaifangjihua,baozhangchaxunbaifangshujutianbaodejingquexingheshishixing,yaoquebaochaxunbaifanggongjuzilitianbaoshizaishuju,fangzhibaochoujiaorao;sanshizaishujujiagongchuzhijieduan,yaojienageleitilichamingshujujiagongchuzhilichengzhongdeyidian,jiadaduiquanyuanshujuhedui、chouchalidu,duichaxunbaifangshouluodeshujutingzhidangzhenkaohebaguan;sishizaishujupingjiajieduan,yaoyiyuanshishujuweidizi,chongshizhenzhuoshujuzhijiandexiangganxing、hunpeixing、luojixing,jienakexuetiliduitongjishujudeshizaixing、jingquexingtingzhipandinghechanfa,duinenggoucunzaideshujupinzhitimutingzhizhuisuheheshi。 

信息来源:河北快三彩票 国度统计局 作者: 编辑:
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